Russia's modern information operations and methods are a legacy of the Soviet Union.
In the post-Soviet context, the first Chechen war (1994-1996) illustrated to the Russian state the importance that disinformation can play during times of conflict. Despite eventually overwhelming the Chechen forces in the successive conflict, Russia was said to have lost the ‘information war’ between the two sides.
Access to public information is one of the main mechanisms to conduct public control over state government in a legal and democratic state and to improve open and effective governance.
The fight against censorship and for the freedom of speech counts centuries. One of the most ancient cases of censorship is related to the philosopher, Socrates who was sentenced to death in 333 BC for spreading the ideas among the youth that opposed his contemporary moral and political code.
After the invasion of Ukraine, the celebration of Victory Day on May 9 has taken a special significance in the Russian Federation, as Russian propaganda seeks to adapt the narrative of victory over Nazi Germany to modern times.
September 27 - The Kremlin stated that any expansion of NATO military infrastructure in Ukraine would cross one of President Vladimir Putin's "red lines", while Belarus said that it had agreed with Moscow to take action against NATO's expansion.
Prior to the creation of the Unified Portal of E-Services (MY.GOV.GE) in Georgia, government agencies more or less provided information to citizens and businesses about the services offered by them, in most cases, on-site services were required, often from one agency to another, so it was difficult for citizens to identify the relevant agency and service.
Every state that understands the role of sound election processes and strong political actors in the process of building representative democracy needs to support the principles of political accountability and transparency, the latter being an important indicator of confidence in political systems.
The Georgian civil service system and state civil service policy are based on a career-based model. This means that a civil servant should grow by position and professionally over a certain period along with the implementation of the activities.
The Open Government Partnership (OGP) Partnership is a global multi-stakeholder initiative (MSI) that serves as a collective governance mechanism for national governments and their publics to create commitments towards transparency and accountability reforms and tracks implementation.