On 26 March 2010, the Parliament of Georgia passed the Law on Gender Equality, aimed at ensuring non-discrimination based on sex in every field of social life, promoting equal rights, freedom and opportunities for both men and women. In accordance with article 6 of the “Law on Gender Equality”, related to the gender equality of labour relations, the Government ensures equal opportunities in terms of employment for men and women.
In the framework of the presented study, the Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI) has inquired assurance of gender equality in terms of labour relations in public authorities of Georgia, equal conditions for public servants as well as public officials’ recruitment and dismissal in public authorities.
Having taken into consideration the demographic problems in Georgia, IDFI was interested in determining provisions in the Georgian legislation that ensures fertility of public servants of both sexes.
In accordance with the article 5 of “the Law on Gender Equality in Georgia”, data on sex should be given separately in the official statistics of the PA’s. Inquiring the data on gender equality in terms of labour relations, IDFI has disseminated the questionnaire in 175 Public Authorities.
The study has revealed that balance between men and women in public authorities, excluding law enforcement structures, is almost equal, though the data differs between high ranking public officials’ statistics. Particularly, the percentage of men highly differs from women within high ranking officials in any public authorities.
In conclusion, the study on the gender balance in the public authorities was developed by the IDFI for the first time. To carry out the study, it required to send the requests to all public authorities on the gender issue data and subsequently to process the data, based on the more or less complete information received. On 1st September 2013, the Decree N 219 of the Government of Georgia “About Electronic Requests and Proactive Disclosure of Public Information” dated 26th August went into force. The Decree prescribes, significant initiatives developed with the coordination of the IDFI by the civil society organization and the Analytical Department of the Ministry of Justice. The Decree defines standards of public information disclosure, rules of the forms of the electronic request of public information and list of information to be published proactively. The list of proactive disclosure of the information by the public authorities defines the component, the obligation concerning the number of employees in the public authorities in context of gender aspect. We consider this obligation a possibility to implement more close and effective study and monitor the gender equality in general.